PhD studies lead to the degree of doctor of philosophy (PhD) or licentiate of philosophy. If you have taken the licentiate degree, you may apply to continue studying for the PhD degree. The PhD degree may be taken without first taking the licentiate degree.
The award of a licentiate degree requires at least 120 ECTS credits, which includes an approved scholarly work of at least 60 ECTS credits. The award of a PhD degree requires at least 240 ECTS credits, including an approved doctoral thesis of at least 120 ECTS credits.
After your degree
As a PhD or licentiate, you will be expected to be capable of independent and critical thinking, possess a good knowledge of your subject, have methodological academic skills, the ability to identify interesting and researchable issues, educational skills and the ability to express yourself well in both speech and writing. These are sought-after skills in many occupations.
Most students who complete their PhD degree at Uppsala continue to work in the world of education as researchers or teachers. Other possible career paths are within museums, archives, libraries, mass media, publishing or other undertakings and organisations.